Von Braun A-2 rocket

Scale 1:32 and 1:96 Published: Jun 25, 2012

Right click to download:
Modelsheet "Max/Moritz" (PDF) (364 KB)
Modelsheet "Maria" (PDF) (338 KB)
Modelsheet "Max/Moritz" (JPG) (285 KB)
Modelsheet "Maria" (JPG) (292 KB)
 
Instruction (PDF) (1.68 MB) 
Stand (PDF) (101 KB)
Paper model of A-2 rocket
You can build the model in two versions - the version from 1934 ("Max and Moritz") or the 2004 "Maria". 
Model of Von Braun Aggreate 2 Papercraft A-2 missile
Both versions comes both in 
scale 1:32 or 1:96. You can 
also rescale it, if you want to.   
Use pearls for the top and bottom (left) or build it totally out of paper (right).  
A-2 rocket and V-2 rocket Paper model A-2 and V-2 rockets
The scale 1:32 model compared to a V-2 rocket from Curell. The scale 1:96 model compared to a V-2 model from this website.
Von Braun and Riedel with A-2 rockets
The 1:96 version includes two small models of Wernher von Braun and Walther Riedel. Building two models of the A-2 and you can create a small diorama. 
    

History 
About 1930 the German army ordnance department was interested in the research and development of long-range rocket missiles. The army took contact to a group of amateur rocket enthusiasts in the "Vereinfür Raumschiffahrt". After several visits at the "raketflugplatz", they caught interest in one of the younger members of the group Werner von Braun. At that time he was a a young student at the "Technical University of Berlin. 

Von Braun started to work for the army in 1932. After construction different rocket engines, he started to von Braun work on a test rocket named Aggregat 1 or simply A-1. There might have been build 3 or 4 A-1. They never left the test beds. A construction with a large gyroscope placed in the top of the rocket caused fractures in the oxygen-tank leading to explosions.

Beside vonBraun one of most important members of the team was Walther Riedel, an engineer. He joined the project in January 1934. He came from HeylandtCompany, where he has been the responsible for the rocket motor development. He became one of von Brauns most important co-workers. In the end he became the Chief Designer of the A4 (V2) rocket.

From spring 1934 it was decided to redesign the rocket totally. The new type named Aggregat 2 or A-2. The gyroscope was moved down in the middle of the rocket. The A-2 was 1.6 meter long rocket propelled with alcohol and liquid oxygen

At the end of 1934, in December two A-2 rockets were ready for launch from Borkum, a small island in the Baltic Ocean north of Germany. The two rockets were nicknamed "Max" and "Moritz".

Max was launched at noon on December 19, and flew to a height of 2200 meters. Moritz was launched on December 20, just few minutes after dawn. It flew to a height of 3500 meters.

The rockets was probably  un-painted like the A-3. showing the surface of aluminum and turbax (a kind of bakelite).

The launch of "Max" and "Moritz" marked an important step towards to the A-4/ V-2 rocket and in the long perspective to Saturn 5.

Building a new A-2 rocket "Maria" 
In 2004 Dr.-Ing. Olaf Przybilski, Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrttechnik, Technical University of Dresden presented an copy of vonBrauns A-2 rocket. By researching the original documents of von Braun, he has been able to build an exact copy of the A-2.

To celebrate the 70th anniversary of the first A-2 rockets it was named "Maria" in December, 2004. Beside the name Maria it also got it's own color full paint scheme. 

The research for making a copy of the A-2 lead to a lot of new knowlegde about the A-2 rocket. Dr.-Ing. Olaf Przybilsk has been able to correct much of the data known about A-2. Until then much of what have been referred, originated from the memories of von Braun and others many years after the second world war. 

At a scrapyard near Penemünde, Dr.-Ing. Olaf Przybilsk has even found parts identical to parts from A-2. There is a good chance, that they are in fact from the rockets. It is known, the A-2 rockets were salvaged after flight and they were probably kept at Penemünde.

The models 
I am so impressed by "Maria", that I decided to include a model of it with the original rocket A-2 rocket.

Thanks To 
Dr.-Ing. Olaf Przybilski for his generous help and more important for the work done by the Raketenspezialisten in Dresden to document this important part of the rocket history. 

Further reading on Von Braun:

Von Braun: Dreamer of Space, Engineer of War  
by Michael J. Neufeld,